Turkey joins the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Opera singer
Turkey joins World Bank and International Monetary Fund with IMF

March 11 is the 70th day of the year (71st for leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. The number of days remaining until the end of the year is 295.

Railways

  • March 11, 1930 Opening of the Orders-Balıköy line

Olaylar

  • 1702 – England’s first national newspaper published daily, Current of the day started to come out.
  • 1851 – Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Rigoletto is staged for the first time in Venice.
  • 1867 – The opera Don Carlos by Giuseppe Verdi, first in Paris Imperial Opera Theaterwas also staged.
  • 1902 – The Copa del Rey football tournament began to be played.
  • 1914 – Cemal Pasha is appointed Minister of the Navy.
  • 1917 – During World War I, the British take Baghdad.
  • 1918 – Units of the Army of the Russian Empire and the Administration of Western Armenia are withdrawn from the districts of Karlıova in Bingöl, Ilıca in Erzurum and Fındıklı in Rize.
  • 1928 – Bucaspor club is founded in Izmir.
  • 1938 – Austrian Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg resigns; was replaced by pro-Nazi Arthur Seyss-Inquart, who invited German troops into Austria.
  • 1941 – The Lend-Lease Act is signed.
  • 1941 – An assassination attempt was made on the British Ambassador to Sofia, Rendell, at the Pera Palace Hotel in Istanbul. Four people died in the incident, Rendell survived.
  • 1947 – Turkey joins the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
  • 1949 – Israel and Jordan sign a ceasefire agreement in Rhodes.
  • 1951 – The first Asian Games, held in New Delhi, India, come to an end.
  • 1954 – State Supply Bureau established.
  • 1958 – Turkey recognizes the United Arab Republic formed by the states “of Egypt, Syria and Yemen”.
  • 1959 – The 4th Eurovision Song Contest takes place. Netherlands, voiced by Teddy Scholten A little He won first place with his song.
  • 1970 – Following the agreement between Saddam Hussein and Mustafa Barzani, the autonomous region of Iraqi Kurdistan is created.
  • 1976 – Former US President Richard Nixon admitted that he ordered the CIA to prevent the election of Salvador Allende in the Chilean elections.
  • 1980 – The process leading to the September 12, 1980 coup in Turkey (1979 – September 12, 1980): A total of 7 people were killed, 13 of whom were shot.
  • 1981 – The restoration of the building called Palacio de La Moneda, the presidential palace of the Republic of Chile and where Salvador Allende was killed, is completed.
  • 1981 – Demonstrations in Kosovo break out.
  • 1985 – After the death of Konstantin Chernenko, Mikhail Gorbachev is appointed General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
  • 1988 – The first F-16, completely assembled in Turkey, is delivered to Air Force Command.
  • 1990 – Lithuania declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1990 – The Chilean dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet is overthrown.
  • 1996 – The Democracy and Peace Party is founded.
  • 2003 – The International Criminal Court comes into operation.
  • 2004 – 191 people were killed and more than 1800 injured in a bomb attack in Madrid train stations.
  • 2005 – In memory of those who died in the Madrid bombing, the Forest of the Dead monument was unveiled.
  • 2011 – Sendai Earthquake and Tsunami: A magnitude 05 earthquake struck Japan at 46:8.9 local time. Japan has faced the worst earthquake and tsunami in its history.
  • 2020 – The World Health Organization declares the outbreak of COVID-19 a pandemic. On the same day, Health Minister Fahrettin Koca announced that the first case of COVID-19 had been observed in Turkey.

births

  • 1754 – Juan Meléndez Valdés, Spanish neoclassical poet (died 1817)
  • 1811 – Urbain Le Verrier, French mathematician (d. 1877)
  • 1818 – Marius Petipa, French ballet dancer, educator and choreographer (died 1910)
  • 1838 – Ōkuma Shigenobu, eighth Prime Minister of Japan (died 1922)
  • 1847 – Sydney Sonnino, Prime Minister of Italy (died 1922)
  • 1884 – Ömer Seyfettin, Turkish storyteller (died 1920)
  • Kazım Orbay, Turkish soldier, one of the commanders in the Turkish War of Independence and Chief of the General Staff (died 1964)
  • Edward Rydz-Śmigły, Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Armed Forces, politician, painter and poet (died 1941)
  • 1887 – Raoul Walsh, American director (died 1980)
  • Enis Behiç Koryürek, Turkish poet (died 1949)
  • Michael Polanyi, Hungarian philosopher (died 1976)
  • 1894 – Otto Grotewohl, German politician (died 1964)
  • Dorothy Gish, American film and stage actress (died 1968)
  • Yakup Satar, Turkish soldier (veteran of the Turkish War of Independence and World War I on the Iraqi front, winner of the Red Striped Independence Medal) (died 2008)
  • 1899-IX. Frederik, King of Denmark (died 1972)
  • 1906 – Hasan Ferit Alnar, Turkish composer and conductor (died 1978)
  • 1907 – Helmuth James Graf von Moltke, German lawyer (died 1945)
  • 1916 – Harold Wilson, British politician and Prime Minister (died 1995)
  • 1921 – Astor Piazzolla composer and Argentine bandoneon player (died 1992)
  • 1922 – Cornelius Castoriadis, Greek philosopher (died 1997)
  • 1925 – Güzin Özipek, Turkish theater artist (died 2000)
  • 1925 – İlhan Selçuk, Turkish journalist and writer (died 2010)
  • 1926 – İlhan Mimaroğlu, Turkish composer and writer (died 2012)
  • 1926 – Ralph Abernathy, American priest and leader of the American civil rights movement (died 1990)
  • 1927 – Metin Eloğlu, Turkish poet (died 1985)
  • 1928 – Albert Salmi, American stage and film actor (died 1990)
  • 1930 – Kemal Bayazıt, Turkish physician and heart surgeon (died 2019)
  • 1931 – Ion Besoiu, Romanian actor (died 2017)
  • 1937 – Alexandra Zabelina, Soviet fencer
  • 1942 – Uluç Özülker, Turkish diplomat
  • 1947 – Füsun Önal, Turkish singer, writer and actress
  • 1949 – Cezmi Baskin, Turkish actor and director
  • 1952 Douglas Adams, English writer
  • 1955 – Frances Ginsberg, American opera singer (died 2010)
  • 1957 – Qassem Soleimani, Iranian soldier (died 2020)
  • 1963 – Davis Guggenheim, American director and producer
  • 1963 – Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian astronaut
  • 1963 – Meral Konrat, Turkish actress, singer and presenter
  • 1967 – John Barrowman, Scottish actor
  • 1969 – David LaChapelle, American photographer and director
  • 1969 – Terrence Howard, American actor
  • 1971 – Gülse Birsel, Turkish journalist, actress and writer
  • 1971 – Johnny Knoxville, American actor
  • 1972 – Emre Törn, Turkish actor
  • 1976 – Mariana Díaz-Oliva, Argentinian professional tennis player
  • 1978 – Didier Drogba, Ivorian footballer
  • 1978 – Hayko Cepkin, Armenian-Turkish composer, singer and pianist
  • 1988 – Fábio Coentrao, Portuguese footballer
  • 1989 – Anton Yelchin, Russian-American actor (died 2016)
  • 1993 – Anthony Davis, American professional basketball player

Armed

  • 222 – Elagabalus or Heliogabalus, Roman emperor from 218 to 222 (born in 203)
  • 222 – Julia Soaemias, Viceroy of the Roman Empire (b. 180)
  • 928 – Tomislav becomes the first king of Croatia
  • 1514 – Donato Bramante, (real name: Donato di Pascuccio d’Antonio), Italian architect (born in 1444)
  • 1570 – Niccolò Franco, Italian writer (born in 1515)
  • 1646 – Stanisław Koniecpolski, Polish commander (b. 1591)
  • 1803 – Shah Sultan, III. Mustafa’s daughter (b. 1761)
  • 1846 – Tekle, Georgian Royal Princess (batonishvili) and poet (b. 1776)
  • 1883 – Alexander Gorchakov, Russian diplomat and statesman (b. 1798)
  • 1898 – Dikran Çuhacıyan, Armenian-born Ottoman composer and conductor (b. 1837)
  • 1907 – Jean Paul Pierre Casimir-Perier, French politician and businessman. He was the sixth head of state of the Third French Republic (born in 1847)
  • 1908 – Edmondo De Amicis, Italian writer (born in 1846)
  • 1914 – Tayyareci Nuri Bey, Turkish soldier and one of the first Ottoman pilots (b. 1891)
  • 1931 – FW Murnau, German film director (born 1888)
  • 1935 – Yusuf Akçura, Turkish writer and politician (born in 1876)
  • 1936 – David Beatty, British Royal Navy Admiral (b. 1871)
  • [1945-WalterHohmannGermanphysicist(born1880)[1945-WalterHohmannphysicienallemand(néen1880)
  • 1947 – Wilhelm Heye, German soldier (b. 1869)
  • 1949 – Henri Giraud, French general (born in 1879)
  • 1950 – Heinrich Mann, German writer (b. 1871)
  • 1955 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish scientist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 – Richard E. Byrd, American Admiral and Explorer (b. 1888)
  • 1958 – Ole Kirk Christiansen, founder of the Lego Company (b. 1891)
  • 1965 – Malik Sayar, Turkish geologist and scholar (b. 1892)
  • 1967 – Yusuf Ziya Ortaç, Turkish journalist and writer (born in 1895)
  • 1967 – Geraldine Farrar, American opera singer and actress (born 1882)
  • 1968 – Haşim İşcan (Haşim Baba), Turkish politician and Mayor of Istanbul (b. 1898)
  • 1969 – Sadi Işılay, Turkish composer (born in 1899)
  • 1970 – Erle Stanley Gardner, American detective novelist (b. 1889)
  • 1971 – Philo Farnsworth, American inventor (b. 1906)
  • 1976 – Boris Iofan, Soviet architect of Jewish descent (b. 1891)
  • 1978 – Claude François, French pop singer and songwriter (born 1939)
  • 1980 – Zekeriya Sertel, Turkish journalist and writer (born in 1890)
  • 1983 – Galip Balkar, Turkish diplomat and Ambassador to Belgrade (victim of Belgrade attack) (b. 1936)
  • 1992 – László Benedek, Hungarian-born American director (born 1905)
  • 1992 – Richard Brooks, American director (born in 1912)
  • 1997 – Lars Ahlin, Swedish writer (b. 1915)
  • 1998 – Ali Sururi, Turkish theater and film actor (born in 1913)
  • 1998 – Manuel Piñeiro, Cuban intelligence officer and politician (b. 1934)
  • 2002 – James Tobin, American economist (b. 1918)
  • 2003 – Hürrem Erman, Turkish filmmaker (born in 1913)
  • 2006 – Slobodan Milosevic, Yugoslav politician (born 1941)
  • 2010 – Turhan Selçuk, Turkish cartoonist (born in 1922)
  • 2014 – Berkin Elvan, Turkish citizen (born in 1999)
  • 2015 – Şadan Kalkavan, Turkish shipowner and businessman (born 1939)
  • 2017 – Emre Saltık, Turkish baglama artist (born in 1960)
  • 2017 – Mohammed Micarul Kayes, Bangladeshi bureaucrat and diplomat (b. 1960)
  • 2021 – Florentín Giménez was a Paraguayan pianist and composer (born in 1925)

Holidays and special occasions

  • Crone Cold (Beginning of Berdul’s incapacitation)
  • Withdrawal of units of the Army of the Russian Empire and the Administration of Western Armenia from the Karlıova district to Bingöl (1918)
  • Withdrawal of units of the Army of the Russian Empire and the Administration of Western Armenia from the Ilıca district in Erzurum (1918)
  • Withdrawal of units of the Army of the Russian Empire and the Administration of Western Armenia from the Fındıklı district of Rize (1918)